LA QUINTA, CALIFORNIA - APRIL 14: Raissa Gerona, Kendall Jenner wearing blue off shoulder dress, gloves with print, green sock boots and Michael Mente at Revolve Festival during Coachella Festival on April 14, 2019 in La Quinta, California. (Photo by Christian Vierig/Getty Images)
Selling on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol RVLV, shares quickly climbed to $27.01, 50% above their IPO price, valuing Revolve at about $1.8 billion. By mid-afternoon, the stock price exceeded $34.
In a Thursday statement, Revolve said it had sold 11.8 million shares for $18 each, the top of a marketed range of $16 to $18 for the IPO.
Revolve’s offering follows September’s listing by luxury-clothing platform Farfetch Ltd., which raised $855 million in its U.S. IPO.
This year, three other e-commerce companies have gone public in the U.S., raising a combined $471 million, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. That’s amid a surge of higher-profile listings including Uber Technologies Inc.’s $8.1 billion IPO in May. Overall, 74 companies have now raised $26.83 billion so far this year in U.S. listings, the data shows.
Filling a void in fashion retailing
With a website and Instagram shopping, Revolve focuses on millennial customers, the generation that’s currently in their mid-20s to late-30s, according to its prospectus. Many of its customers learn of the brand on its Instagram account with more than 5.5 million followers, as well as at social events such as the Coachella music festival, and through a network of more than 3,500 influencers such as Kendall Jenner—users with large followings on social media.
The company was founded in 2003, seeking to fill what executives saw as a void in fashion retail.
“We believed that traditional retail was either too mass or too limited, struggled to consistently provide on-trend merchandise, and was failing to connect with younger consumers,” according to Revolve’s prospectus.
Catering to “aspirational consumers,” Revolve said its business model “is more targeted than department stores or mass market online retailers, and provides a greater selection than specialty retailers.”
Revolve hones its merchandise, pricing, and inventory strategies through a proprietary technology platform and “trend-forecasting algorithms.” This system leverages “data from a vast net of hundreds of thousands of styles, up to 60 attributes per style, and millions of customer interactions, creating a strategic asset of hundreds of millions of data points,” the company said.
Revolve describes a business of “constant newness, with over 1,000 new styles launched per week on average, while mitigating fashion and inventory risk. As a result, in 2018, approximately 79% of our net sales were at full price, which we define as sales at not less than 95% of the full retail price, an increase from 75% in 2017.”
The company. based in Cerritos, California, is profitable, earning $31 million on sales of $499 million last year, up from net income of $5.3 million on sales of almost $400 million in 2017. Revolve said in its filings.
Sales for the quarter ended March 31 rose 21% to $137 million, while net income fell 7.8% to $5 million. Revolve’s average order value fell to $259 for the quarter, down from $282 for the same period last year.
Only a quarter of the Class A shares issued in the IPO were sold by the company, according to the filing. The remaining $8.8 million shares were sold by current investors.
Those shares will carry one vote each, while Class B shares will have 10 votes each. That will give the Class B owners about 98% of the voting rights, according to the filings. MMMK Development Inc., an entity controlled by co-chief executive officers Michael Karanikolas and Michael Mente, will control 67% of the voting power.
Revolve plans to use the proceeds to buy back stock from existing stakeholders and to continue growing the company, its filing shows.
Last year, 18% of the company’s sales came from outside the U.S. Revolve cautions that expanding internationally will likely require fulfillment centers, among other expenditures.
The company also warns its manufacturing operations in China could be affected by the political and economic climate there, as well as by tariffs imposed by the U.S. government.
Morgan Stanley, Credit Suisse Group AG and Bank of America Corp. led the offering.