The following column appeared in the latest print issue of Fortune.
No industry is immune to criticism, but the dominant players in startup land believe theirs should be. A recent exchange with a venture capitalist reminded me of that when he argued that all venture capital investors are generally required to support every startup. “Starting up is hard enough,” the investor argued. “Those in the industry should support the industry.”
He’s not alone in that sentiment. Startup land expects, and receives, constant hype and adoration. When things don’t go as planned? Shhhhhh. We’re doing God’s work here. That’s why when a startup fails and sells its assets in a fire-sale deal, even the investors who lost all their money will chime in with perky congratulations on Twitter. #CrushingIt!
It’s hard to imagine that kind of forced camaraderie in, say, the timber industry or the apparel biz, but that’s what makes Silicons Valley, Alley, Beach, and Slopes so special. It’s not an industry; it’s a community. These aren’t colleagues; they’re friends. This isn’t a job; it’s a calling. And everyone is interconnected. When one startup succeeds, an entire ecosystem of people—employees, customers, partners, investors, investors’ investors, even competitors—benefits. That’s why they protect their own. They get defensive. They forgive sins.
But a no-haters rule looks misguided as the biggest and most valuable startup of this cycle, Uber, withers under the weight of its own toxic culture. And a no-haters rule looks downright backward amid recent reports exposing a number of prominent investors who sexually harassed their female colleagues.
News of these accusations, made on the record by nine women, ignited an explosion of public outrage. Fellow investors took to Medium to condemn the behavior of the accused, propose pledges, and suggest reforms. But plenty of industry cheerleaders already knew about the incidents. Some had chances to expose (and thus put an end to) the unwanted touching, propositions, and inappropriate comments. Instead, they averted their eyes. Meanwhile the targets of that harassment kept quiet, risking ostracism for speaking up.
That’s how Justin Caldbeck, Dave McClure, and other prominent venture capitalists accused of sexual harassment continued their behavior for years before anyone spoke up, according to reports. Caldbeck was able to raise his own VC fund despite an alleged incident with a female founder at his prior employer, Lightspeed. (Lightspeed did not respond to a request for comment but tweeted: “We regret we did not take stronger action. It is clear now we should have done more.” Caldbeck, who resigned from his firm and apologized, declined to comment.)
It took seven years for one of Caldbeck’s accusers to expose him. Why? Because this is an industry that closes ranks rather than blows whistles, especially when business is as good as it’s been in recent years. The no-haters rule is fading, thanks in part to those who risk their careers to speak up. For lasting change, though, the industry needs to realize that it’s not above self-criticism.
IRL: I’m off for the next week. Polina will be in charge, with some help and guest columns from my Fortune colleagues. Direct your deal news to her (and follow her on Twitter!)
THE WEEK IN DEALS:
• 310 M&A deals worth $43.5 billion.
• In the U.S., 93 M&A deals worth $26 billion, according to Dealogic.
THE WEEK IN TERM SHEET:
Term Sheet highlighted 89 venture deals, 98 M&A deals, 17 IPOs and 15 new funds.
We discussed SoFi’s IPO plans, being “a cool girl,” Benchmark (not) selling its Uber shares, Snap’s latest M&A plans, Silver Lake’s long-hold strategy with Dell, “tourist capital” in venture, women supporting women, and the obsession with IPO pops.
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• Betterment, a New York-based online financial advisor, raised $70 million in funding, which is an extension of last year's Series E round. Kinnevik led the round, and was joined by investors including Bessemer Venture Partners, Menlo Ventures, and Francisco Partners.
• PebblePost, a New York City-based provider of programmatic direct mail solutions, raised $47 million in Series B equity and debt funding from investors including RRE.
• Amphora Medical Inc, a Minneapolis-based developer of medical devices to treat overactive bladder, raised $35.5 million in Series B funding. Longitude Capital and Boston Scientific Corporation led the round, and were joined by investors including HBM Healthcare Investments, F-Prime Capital Partners, and Baird Capital.
• Graphcore, a U.K.-based machine intelligence company, raised $30 million in Series B funding. Atomico led the round.
• Fox Rent A Car Inc, a Los Angeles-based rental car company, raised $25 million in funding. Investors include NewSpring, Kemper Corp, and Star Mountain Capital.
• Arzeda, a Seattle-based protein design company, raised $12 million in Series A funding. OS Fund led the round, and was joined by investors including Bioeconomy Capital, Sustainable Conversion Ventures and WRF Capital.
• Integrate, a Phoenix-based provider of demand orchestration software, raised $8 million in Series D funding. Iron Gate Capital, Foundry Group and Forte Ventures led the round, and were joined by Comcast Ventures, Liberty Global and Chestnut Street Ventures.
• Genicon, an Orlando, Florida-based medical device maker, raised $6.6 million in funding. Investors include Rand Capital, Advantage Capital and Coastal Enterprises.
• EquityZen Inc., a New York-based FinTech firm that operates a secondary marketplace for company-approved transactions in pre-IPO stock, raised $6.5 million in funding. Draper Associates led the round.
• TickSmith, a Montreal-based provider of big data applications for capital markets, raised C$2 million ($1.6 million) in funding from Illuminate Financial Management LLP.
PRIVATE EQUITY DEALS
• Principle Capital agreed to acquire Camtek (Nasdaq:CAMT), an Israel-based printed circuit board business, for $35 million.
• Apposite Capital acquired Swanton Care & Community Ltd, a U.K.-based provider of residential and supported living care for adults with complex learning disabilities, mental health disorders and acquired brain injuries. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Parthenon Capital Partners recapitalized eTix, a Morrisville, N.C.-based web-based ticketing service provider for the entertainment industry. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Black Bay Energy Capital recapitalized ADS Services, a provider of critical pressure control equipment and services in the Permian Basin. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Eyeconic Vision Partners, a portfolio company of Cortec Group, acquired Swagel-Wootton Hiatt Eye Center, an Arizona-based operator of two clinics and one ambulatory surgery center focused on treating ophthalmic conditions. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• EYSA, which is backed by Portobello Capital, acquired P3 Global Management, a New York-based smart city developer. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Seaport Capital acquired Keg Logistics LLC, a Denver-based keg management provider. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Saba Aparcamientos and Macquarie have submitted final offers for Empark, a Spain-based parking space management company, valuing it at 900 million ($1 billion) to 1.2 billion euros ($1.4 billion), according to Reuters. Read more.
• Spirit Realty Capital Inc (NYSE:SRC) is considering spinning off some of its real estate, including its Shopko store properties, a Green Bay, Wisc.-based general merchandise store chain operator. Read more.
• ImageRights International acquired Image Witness, an Australia-based image search company. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Rapid7 acquired Komand, a Boston-based security orchestration and automation platform provider. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Hojeij Branded Foods, a portfolio company of Morgan Stanley Private Equity, acquired Vino Volo, a San Francisco-based airport wine bar chain. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Accord Financial (TSX:ACD) made an investment of an undisclosed amount in BondIt Media Capital, a Santa Monica-based film and television financing services provider, according to Variety. Read more.
• ADT, the home-security company backed by Apollo Global Management, is reportedly preparing for an IPO, the Wall Street Journal reported citing people familiar with the matter. The IPO could come around the end of this year, valuing the company at over $15 billion. Apollo previously acquired ADT for nearly $7 billion in 2016.
• ZTO Express, a Chinese courier that went public on the NYSE in 2016, is being sued by the city of Birmingham’s pension fund. The fund alleges that ZTO and its underwriters, Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs, failed to do adequate due diligence, Reuters reports. ZTO’s stock is down about 4.5% in pre-market trading. The company commands a market value of about $11 billion.
• Ancestry.com, the Lehi, Utah-based genealogy website that filed for a confidential IPO in June is reportedly close to hiring banks to lead the deal, Bloomberg reports citing people with knowledge of the matter. The bank is said to be working with Morgan Stanley, Goldman Sachs, and J.P. Morgan. The company could be valued at over $3 billion post-IPO. The company is backed by Silver Lake and GIC Private. Terms of the offering have not yet been disclosed.
• PetIQ, an Eagle, Id.-based pet medication maker, said it plans to raise $100 million in an offering of 6.3 million shares at $16 a piece. The company, which booked losses of $3.4 million on revenue of $200.2 million on 2016, previously said it planned to offer 5.7 million shares between $14 to $16 a piece. PetIQ is backed by Eos Funds, Labore et Honore, Porchlight Entities, True Science Founders, and NBTS Holdings. The company plans to list on the Nasdaq as “PETQ.” Exact terms of the IPO, being led by Jefferies and William Blair.
• One Equity Partners agreed to sell East Balt Bakeries, a Chicago-based producer of buns, bagels, English muffins, and tortillas, to Grupo Bimbo for $650 million.
• Amazon acquired Graphiq, a Santa Barbara, Calif.-based data visualization company, for about $50 million. Graphiq had raised about $32 million in venture funding from investors including Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers and Pritzker Group Venture Capital. Read more at Fortune.
• PPG agreed to acquire The Crown Group, a Warren, Mich.-based provider of coatings applications. The sellers were High Road Capital Partners and Charter Oak Capital Partners. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Industrial Opportunity Partners agreed to sell Kuss Filtration Inc, a Findlay, Ohio-based manufacturer of air and liquid filtration products, to GVS. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Sun Capital Partners sold Creekstone Farms, an Arkansas City, Kansas-based provider of beef and pork products. The buyer was Marubeni Corp. Financial terms weren’t disclosed.
• Graphite Capital acquired Random42, a London-based medical animation producer, from Vespa Capital.
FIRMS + FUNDS
• Twin Brook Capital Partners, a Chicago-based private equity firm, raised $1.6 billion for its AG Direct Lending Fund II.
• Novacap, a Canada-based private equity and venture capital firm, raised $840 million for its fifth fund, Novacap TMT V.
• Highlander Partners LP promoted Ben Slater to vice president.
• Fireman Capital Partners promoted Chris Akelman to principal and Ekta Sharma to vice president.
• Patrick Gilligan and Xavier A. Gutierrez joined Clearlake Capital Group as managing directors. Colin Leonard has been named partner, James Pade has been named a principal, and Paul Huber and Nate Mejías have been promoted to vice president.