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Shanghai relaxes COVID restrictions, joining other cities as China’s policy shift expands

December 4, 2022, 4:46 PM UTC
COVID measures in a Shanghai rail station on Friday.
CFOTO/Future Publishing via Getty Images

Chinese authorities accelerated a shift toward reopening the economy, with Shanghai and Hangzhou easing some Covid restrictions after protests against the nation’s stringent policies last week. 

The financial hub of Shanghai, which saw a grueling two-month lockdown earlier in the year, will scrap PCR testing requirements to enter outdoor public venues such as parks as well as ride public transit effective Monday, city authorities said in a statement Sunday. Measures will “continue to be optimized and adjusted” in line with national policy and the situation, according to the statement.

Hangzhou, home to tech giant Alibaba Group Holding Ltd., also announced on Sunday it will drop testing requirements for entry into most public venues as well as taking public transportation. Tests will no longer be required to purchase certain medicines, city authorities said in a statement.

Shanghai and Hangzhou join other top-tier cities such as BeijingShenzhen and Guangzhou in relaxing curbs in recent days. Top government officials over the past week signaled a transition away from the harshest containment measures, which have weighed on the economy and prompted thousands of demonstrators to take to the streets to voice their anger. 

The rapid unwinding of requirements has led to a sharp drop in the number of testing booths in some cities, causing unusually-long queues. Authorities in Beijing’s Chaoyang District, one of the Chinese capital’s worst-hit areas in the current outbreak, on Saturday said they were “deeply sorry” for inadequate coordination that led to excessively long waiting times and restored some sites.

China reported 30,889 new local Covid cases on Saturday, down from 32,206 the day before, according to the latest official data. 

Restrictions are also being rolled back in Zhengzhou city, home to Apple Inc.’s largest manufacturing site in China. Authorities announced on Sunday the immediate end of mandatory Covid testing to enter buses, subway, taxis and other public venues besides for those who depart from the city or go to karaoke bars and internet cafes.

The city of Wuhan, where the virus first emerged about three years ago, said it would end testing requirements to ride the subway while Lhasa city will resume previously halted bus operations.

Chinese stocks have rallied recently, fueled by rising optimism that China is softening its pursuit of Zero Covid. In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng China Enterprises Index surged 29% in November, capping its best month since 2003, while the benchmark Hang Seng Index posted its biggest monthly gain since 1998. 

The rally was mainly driven by the gains in airlines, casinos, restaurant operators and other stocks expected to benefit from a reopening of the world’s second-largest economy. Investors are increasingly seen shifting their bets to longer-term plays such as consumer and health-care equities, from travel and catering firms whose shares have jumped sharply.

Restrictions were also eased in a number of provincial capital cities over the weekend. Kunming, in the southwestern province of Yunnan, will as of Sunday allow people to ride public transport without showing a PCR test, while Nanning in the neighboring Guangxi region scrapped such testing requirements for all public venues except hotels and tourist destinations. 

In Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang in the northeast, test results are no longer required to enter public places, while people leaving the city only need to take one PCR test within 48 hours instead of two, the local government said late Saturday. 

Urumqi, where a fire that killed more than 10 people last month triggered anti-lockdown protests, reopened skiing venues and a pedestrian street on Sunday, according to state broadcaster CCTV. Hotels, restaurants, supermarkets and entertainment businesses such gyms will also resume normal operations Monday as conditions are now ripe for “normalized” containment measures, CCTV reported, citing a local government briefing Sunday. The city is also reopening a previously closed subway line. 

Suspicions that Covid restrictions hampered rescue efforts in the fire a high-rise building in the capital city of the Xinjiang region fueled public anger, helping spread protests across the country as people gathered to commemorate the victims and request an end to Covid curbs.

While the easing measures in cities can’t be interpreted as China abandoning its Covid Zero policy yet, “we see them as clear evidence of the Chinese government preparing for an exit, and trying to minimize the economic and social cost of Covid control in the meantime,” Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s chief China economist Hui Shan and colleagues wrote in a note Sunday. 

Experiences in Hong Kong and Taiwan showed that new cases will skyrocket upon reopening, with mobility declining sharply, they wrote. Goldman Sachs’ base case scenario suggests China’s Covid Zero policy will stay until April to allow for preparations, according to the note. 

In Zhuhai, another city in Guangdong, residents who have no Covid symptoms or high exposure risks are advised to not take PCR tests, while those that need can take paid tests, CCTV reported, citing a government notice. People traveling from elsewhere can take a voluntary test upon arrival but no quarantine is required.

—With assistance from Low De Wei, Youkyung Lee, Li Liu and Jacob Gu

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