Detained Belarusian journalist Raman Pratasevich is one of countless reporters under threat across the world

June 1, 2021, 7:30 PM UTC

It’s the job of journalists to ask probing questions, compose illuminating stories, and travel to dangerous locations to report on corruption, injustice, and other ills. Often, those in power retaliate against the press for their investigative work, sometimes launching “investigations” of their own into reporters.

To protect themselves, many journalists face the difficult choice of whether to flee their homes. But according to a 2015 report by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), only 17% of journalists who fled their home countries were able to continue working in exile. Ahead of World Refugee Day later this month (June 20), the One Free Press Coalition (OFPC) acknowledges the plight of endangered journalists—and calls upon their oppressors cease threatening, unjust treatment.

For more than two years, Fortune has been part of a collective that copublishes the “10 Most Urgent” list of press freedom abuses around the globe. The OFPC assembles the list monthly in partnership with the CPJ and in collaboration with the International Women’s Media Foundation (IWMF). This month, the list highlights the case of Belarusian journalist Raman Pratasevich, who reportedly was moved to a KGB detention facility over this past weekend, according to Radio Free Europe.

Find last month’s OFPC list of journalists under threat here. Read this month’s list below.

1. Raman Pratasevich (Belarus)

Belarusian authorities diverted a commercial flight to Minsk in order to arrest exiled journalist Raman Pratasevich, founder and editor of Telegram channels that covered anti-Lukashenko protests. Belarusian authorities launched investigations against him in relation to his journalism.

2. Benjamín Morales (Mexico)

The local journalist working in a Northern Mexican border town in Sonora was found dead with multiple gunshot wounds, as violence surges in the state.

3. Ayham al-Gareeb, Mohammad Shubat, Mousa al-Jamaat, and Okba Mohammad (Syria)

Facing dire threats in Syria in connection to their reporting, these local journalists have found safety in Spain and launched Madrid’s first refugee-led, Spanish-Arabic news site, Baynana.

4. Pouyan Khoshhal (Iran)

This journalist was imprisoned, fired, and forced into exile for a single story. He continues to report on news and politics in Iran for IranWire and still faces a sentence if he returns to Iran.

5. Natalia Zubkova (Russia)

After facing an attack and death threats, this journalist and her family were pushed into hiding—and forced to flee Russia—following her reporting on local protests as well as an alleged real estate scheme targeting disabled people.

6. Amade Abubacar (Mozambique)

This radio journalist covering families fleeing militant attacks in Cabo Delgado province, where an ongoing conflict has displaced hundreds of thousands, was arrested and detained for 108 days in several prisons in 2019. Though released, Abubacar still faces charges.

7. Carlos Ketohou (Togo)

The director of Togolese outlet L’Indépendant Express was forced to leave his home after security forces detained him, and his family received anonymous threats. Authorities have barred the outlet from publishing, and legal challenges are ongoing.

8. Can Dündar (Turkey)

This journalist, the former chief editor of the Turkish opposition newspaper Cumhuriyet, founded the independent radio station Özgürüz while living in exile in Germany. He is appealing a 27.5-year prison sentence on anti-state charges from Turkish authorities.

9. Gerall Chávez (Nicaragua)

One of the dozens of Nicaraguan journalists forced into exile since 2018, Chávez has continued to face threats even while living in Costa Rica, including ones directed toward his family, which remains in Nicaragua. 

10. Humayra Bakhtiyar (Tajikistan)

This journalist and human rights activist covering politics and corruption was forced into exile in the EU in 2016, but remains outspoken even as she faces continued online harassment and threats from Tajik authorities directed at her family.

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