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What You Should Know About Dolores Huerta, The Civil Rights Icon

September 15, 2017, 8:18 PM UTC
'Cesar Chavez' Press Conference - 64th Berlinale International Film Festival
BERLIN, GERMANY - FEBRUARY 12: Dolores Huerta attends the 'Cesar Chavez' press conference during 64th Berlinale International Film Festival at Grand Hyatt Hotel on February 12, 2014 in Berlin, Germany. (Photo by Clemens Bilan/Getty Images)
Clemens Bilan/Getty Images

National Hispanic Heritage Month is here. Friday, Sept. 15 marked the beginning of the annual celebration of Hispanic and Latino Americans.

This is a great time to get to know Dolores Huerta, a champion of workers’ rights and Latina leader.

Who is Dolores Huerta?

Born in 1930, Huerta is a labor and civil rights activist, mother of 11 children, and Latina icon.

She co-founded the United Farm Workers Union along with César Chávez, brought women into the labor movement, and challenged sexism and racism. She also negotiated the first successful collective bargaining agreement by agricultural laborers in 1966.

Ethel Kennedy Joins in Prayer for Cesar Chavez
Mrs. Ethel Kennedy joins in prayer for Cesar Chavez outside the Monterey County Jail. Chavez, United Farm Workers Union leader, is in jail for violating a court injunction prohibiting the lettuce boycott. At left is Dolores Huerta, UFWOC vice president. Mrs. Kennedy marched to the rally through Salinas with hundreds of Mexican field workers before attending the Mass and visiting Chavez in jail. Bettmann/Bettmann Archive
Bettmann Bettmann Archive

But her fight for workers’ rights hasn’t been without violent challenges.

In September 1988, San Francisco police severely beat Huerta during a peaceful protest of presidential candidate George H.W. Bush’s platform and policies in Union Square. She sustained significant internal injuries including several broken ribs and spleen damage that led to an emergency removal. The incident was caught on video and Huerta won a large sum from the SFPD and the City of San Fransisco. The money was used for the benefit of farm workers.

Before Barack Obama’s 2008 “Yes We Can” slogan (or even Disney’s 2002 Gotta Kick It Up reference), Huerta originated the UFW’s rallying cry of “Si se puede” in 1972. The union later trademarked the phrase.

Dolores Huerta and Cesar Chavez

César Chávez was a Mexican American farm worker who became a labor organizer and civil rights activist.

Huerta and Chávez worked together to advocate for the rights of agricultural laborers, though he continues to get most of the historical credit for improving labor conditions for these largely Latinx immigrant communities.

Huerta & Chavez At Meeting
American labor activist and cofounder of the United Farm Workers of America (UFW) Dolores Huerta (right) and Richard Chavez (1929 – 2011), brother of UFW cofounder Cesar Chavez, speaking at a meeting at the UFW headquarters (La Paz), Keene, California, mid 1970s. Cathy Murphy/Getty Images
Cathy Murphy Getty Images

They co-founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962, which later became the UFW.

In 1965, the pair organized the Delano grape strike and Huerta led negotiations that followed for the workers’ new contracts despite having no formal law education.

Dolores Huerta Movie

Dolores”, a new documentary about her life started playing on Sept. 1 and will be screening in select theaters across the country until November.

Though her story is being told on the big screen, it isn’t over yet — Huerta is still working on behalf of laborers.

"Dolores" New York Premiere
Executive Producer Carlos Santana, documentary subject Dolores Huerta, actress Alfre Woodard and director Brian Bratt arrive for the “Dolores” New York Premiere at The Metrograph on August 21, 2017 in New York City.Steve Mack FilmMagic
Steve Mack FilmMagic

You may have heard about her when her statement that “Republicans hate Latinos” in a speech at Tucson High School in 2006 stirred up a frenzy of right-wing media reactions, leading to her name being banned from some public school curricula.

“There’s nothing past tense about Dolores,” director Peter Bratt said of the 87-year-old, who is still working on pressing labor and immigration issues such as sanctuary cities.

For even more information about Dolores Huerta’s work, check out the National Women’s History Museum. You can also read a first-person essay she wrote for The Lily earlier this year about what she was like as a child and why, at 87 years old, she has no plans to retire.