The latest edition of The Economist carries a provocative headline that reads “Peak China.” It’s an interesting concept. Western cognoscenti have assumed for three decades that China would someday pass the U.S. as the world’s leading economic power. But events of the last couple of years have clouded that view. Part of it is decisions by the U.S. to ring fence Chinese technology—one of the few U.S. policies that has bipartisan support in Washington. But even more of it is due to decisions made in Beijing—to rein in successful global tech companies like Alibaba, to stick to a COVID-zero policy and then suddenly abandon it, and to seemingly side with Russia in the Ukrainian war while continuing aggressive moves around Taiwan.
It’s the posturing around Taiwan that has spooked Western business. Most big companies with investments in China have war-gamed what to do if such an invasion occurred. And as a result, many are now cutting back their China exposure.
In our new poll of Fortune 500 CEOs, we asked them which of the following three statements is true for their organization:
1. “We are reducing our exposure to the Chinese market because of concerns about political and reputational risk.”
2. “We are increasing our exposure to the Chinese market because of the business opportunity.”
3. “Our company is not involved with the Chinese market in a significant way.”
Forty-one percent answered No. 1, while only 20% answered No. 2 and 39% No. 3. That means companies with China exposure are now, by a factor of greater than two to one, trying to cut back. And their desire is only increasing over time: that 41% was 35% last year and 23% in 2021.
Divorce won’t be quick. Many Western companies have spent decades sourcing their manufacturing goods from China and increasing their investments there. Rebuilding supply chains and unwinding investments will take time. But it’s one more reason to think the 21st Century may not be the Chinese century after all.
We will be reporting more results from the Fortune 500 CEO poll in the weeks to come.
More news below.
$1 billion settlement
Wells Fargo has agreed to pay $1 billion to shareholders to settle a class-action lawsuit sparked by the bank’s 2016 fake accounts scandal. The lawsuit accused the bank of exaggerating its progress towards cleaning up its operations. Its stock price declined once the slow pace of reform came to light. The Wall Street Journal
Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway revealed it sold its entire stake in Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company in a stock filing released Monday. The billionaire investor only revealed his $4 billion stake six months ago, but has since expressed worries about geopolitical tensions around the island of Taiwan. Berkshire Hathaway also unveiled a new $954 million stake in credit card company Capital One in the Monday filing. CNN
British American Tobacco
Jack Bowles stepped down as CEO of British American Tobacco on Monday, replaced by current CFO Tadeu Marroco. The tobacco company recently paid a $635 million penalty for violating U.S. sanctions on North Korea by exporting cigarettes to the isolated Asian country between 2007 and 2017. Bowles led BAT’s Asia-Pacific operations for part of that time, though authorities have not accused him of wrongdoing. Financial Times
AROUND THE WATERCOOLER
Mass layoffs are terrible for shareholders, a new study finds. But there are 10 cost saving options that work better by Sheryl Estrada
Turkey’s deepfake-influenced election spells trouble by David Meyer
The No. 1 benefit the class of 2023 wants from employers by Amber Burton and Paolo Confino
Ford explores slashing operating costs in China and reportedly considers layoffs after joining Tesla’s EV price war by Tristan Bove
Qualcomm CEO: ‘A.I. is going to touch every corner of our lives. Here’s how our devices will change to make it happen’ by Cristiano Amon
Former Google CEO Eric Schmidt tells government to leave A.I. regulation to Big Tech by Christiaan Hetzner
A veteran market watcher who saw the Fed creating a disaster in 2008 says ‘distortions in the economy’ today are still the Fed’s fault by Will Daniel
Jump Trading made $1.28 billion by secretly propping up Terra a year before the algorithmic stablecoin collapsed, court filings show by Marco Quiroz-Gutierrez
This edition of CEO Daily was curated by Nicholas Gordon.
This is the web version of CEO Daily, a newsletter of must-read insights from Fortune CEO Alan Murray. Sign up to get it delivered free to your inbox.