Empathizing with Ukrainian refugees: Is it because they’re white?
Russia has invaded Ukraine.
As I type these words, a Russian convoy some 40 miles long is making its way to the besieged Ukrainian capital of Kyiv. Brutal images of war and death are filling feeds and airwaves. A real-time fog of war has descended on the world, and observers struggle to process events on the ground while deadly scenarios are anticipated and discussed.
But some besieged are more precious than others.
CBS senior foreign correspondent Charlie D’Agata inadvertently spoke for many when he characterized Ukraine as a place where bad things don’t happen to good people. “[Ukraine] isn’t a place, with all due respect, like Iraq or Afghanistan, that has seen conflict raging for decades. This is a relatively civilized, relatively European—I have to choose those words carefully, too—city, where you wouldn’t expect that or hope that it’s going to happen.”
D’Agata was not alone.
ITV News correspondent Lucy Watson was condemned for her remarks while reporting from a train station in Kyiv. “Now the unthinkable has happened to them. This is not a developing third-world nation. This is Europe.”
And Watson was not alone—the Washington Post has a horrifying round-up of similar musings here.
For brevity’s sake, let’s ignore the fact that Europe has a centuries-long history of barbaric behavior, expertly exported around the globe. (Not to mention the longstanding tension between Russia and Ukraine.) But this fundamental point—which war-torn communities do “we” identify with and why—has added an important element to the ongoing coverage of the invasion of Ukraine.
“We have been trained to accept the suffering of communities of color, to accept their killings as natural, to understand their precarious risk to premature death as unfortunate but rational,” tweeted Noura Erakat, a human rights attorney and associate professor at Rutgers University, in the Department of Africana Studies and the Program in Criminal Justice. As a broad concept, “Eurocentric” societies are civilized. “Orientalist” ones are not. “[T]his is the work of colonialism & racism. These structures train us to expect them to die.”
Ukraine? They’re just like us. Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Palestine? Less so. (Rwanda? Haiti? Don’t try my patience.)
All of this is further complicated by a secondary crisis, as people try to flee. Turns out, Black people also live in Ukraine.
Stories and videos organized under the #AfricansinUkraine hashtag show African immigrants who were living and working in Ukraine being held up at the border, denied access to aid and transportation, forced to walk for hours in the cold, and enduring racist discrimination and treatment. Similar stories have been heard from refugees of south Asian and Mediterranean origins. From Baaz News: “Sikhs waiting to cross the Poland-Ukraine border but have noticed preference being given to white refugees. Some have been waiting for 3 days now and believe it may be Ukraine holding them back due to India’s stance on the #UkraineRussiaConflict.”
Jessica, a Nigerian woman studying in Ukraine told the BBC about her harrowing escape to Hungary. “I was begging. The official literally looked me in the eye and said, in his language: ‘Only Ukrainians, that is all. If you are Black, you must walk.’”
D’Agata apologized for his report the next day, an important sign that there are plenty of people listening for the not-so-casual racism embedded in many conversations about the war. Left unaddressed, they can be deeply harmful.
Rana Khoury, a research associate at Princeton University focusing on conflict and displacement told NPR that these ideas impact policy. “We certainly do see it play out in terms of the politics of refugee reception in the idea of whose burden should it be to take refugees who are from the global South, the Middle East, Africa, versus, you know, who is welcome and who can be brought in here.”
At the most basic level, this reckoning in framing is an opportunity to examine the kind of thinking that’s been fueling conflict and inequity for centuries. Even during wartime, the work must be done.
“I think it’s really critical that we look at that duality, and we question why that is,” says Mahdis Keshavarz, a board member with the Arab and Middle Eastern Journalists Association. It’s not just for reporters, it’s for anyone who engages, shares, or amplifies critical news. “You know, looking and seeing why African migrants aren’t allowed to cross into Hungary is just as valid as just asking why Ukrainians are.”
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Black communities, political groups around the world pledge support for Black Ukrainian refugees The pressure is helping. All-Party Parliamentary Group for Africa, chaired by Labour MP Chi Onwurah, promised to keep on the story. “The APPG is looking into these worrying reports and will be raising them with UK Government. If there are specific examples/issues to be included, let us know.” From video evidence, first-hand reports, and from those in contact with ... Nigerian consular officials, there have been unfortunate reports of Ukrainian police and security personnel refusing to allow Nigerians to board buses and trains heading towards Ukraine-Poland border,” said Nigerian president, Muhammadu Buhari, yesterday. “All who flee a conflict situation have the same right to safe passage under UN convention and the colour of their passport or their skin should make no difference.”
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New York Times
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Wall Street Journal blog
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