The U.S. Commerce Secretary is Giving Trump a Range of Options For Curbing Steel Imports

July 14, 2017, 5:55 AM UTC
A Look Inside China's Steel Industry
CHANGZHOU, CHINA - MAY 13: Steel wire to be used in the manufacturing of tires is loaded onto a barge in the Beijing-Hangzhou Canal in the logistics area of the Zhong Tian (Zenith) Steel Group Corporation on May 13, 2016 in Changzhou, Jiangsu. Zhong Tian (Zenith) Steel Group Corporation is a privately-owned manufacturer that employs over 13,000 workers at its facility in China's eastern Jiangsu province. Since 2001,the company says it has adopted new technology to streamline the production of premium quality steel and to reduce environmental impact. The majority of its steel output is for the Chinese market with 20% earmarked for export, mostly to Asia. The company says it is profitable, but admits business has dropped marginally from past years. China is the world's largest steel producer, accounting for over 50% of global supply. China's government has vowed to cut production capacity at state-owned enterprises by up to 150 million tonnes over five years to ease concerns of an oversupply on global markets. However, its efforts appear to be overshadowed by a recent increase in steel prices that has revived production at some Chinese facilities that had been closed down. (Photo by Kevin Frayer/Getty Images)
Kevin Frayer—Getty Images

U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said on Thursday he will present to President Donald Trump a range of options to restrict steel imports on national security grounds, according to senators who met with Ross.

Senator Sherrod Brown said that Ross “pretty much committed” to announcing these options next week as part of Commerce’s review of whether steel imports are threatening U.S. national security under a 1962 trade law.

But Ross, speaking to reporters following a closed-door meeting with Senate Finance Committee members, declined to put a time frame on the review’s release.

“It’ll come out when it’s ready to come out,” he said.

The 79-year-old former steel industry magnate said he spoke to senators about the broad outlines of the “Section 232” probe, including its legal basis and objectives, “the potential tools for accomplishing those objectives, what are the risks involved in the process.”

Ross did not provide any details on specific recommendations to Trump, saying the purpose of the meeting was to provide senators “with some background within which they can judge their reaction to the report when it comes out.”

Trump told reporters on his flight to France that he was considering both tariffs and quotas to stop foreign countries from dumping steel into the U.S. market and “destroying” the U.S. steel industry. The release of his remarks sent steel stocks soaring on Thursday.

“The options are everything,” said Brown, a Democrat from a major steel-producing state. “I pushed him to move quickly on this. I want it to be strong. I want it to be long lasting, and I want it to address the overhanging issue of Chinese steel overcapacity.”

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While steelmakers and workers argue that protections are needed to put the industry on a healthy footing, steel users say that import curbs would raise steel prices, putting them at a disadvantage to foreign competitors.

Senator Ron Wyden, the Finance Committee’s top Democrat, said some members tried to convey to Ross that using the Cold War-era trade law to restrict imports of steel on defense grounds was “not an enduring solution” to the steel production glut. “The secretary feels confident that his approach is going to make all sides happy in the steel industry,” Wyden said.

In 2001, Commerce investigated the national security impact of iron ore and semifinished steel imports but recommended no action.