Walmart Is Revamping Its Stores in Japan Instead of Opening New Ones

March 15, 2016, 11:16 AM UTC
Inside A New Seiyu Supermarket
Photograph by Bloomberg Bloomberg via Getty Images

Walmart expects its Japan business to focus on remodeling existing stores rather than opening new ones this year, citing fierce competition and consumer reluctance to spend freely amid uncertain economic times.

But Walmart, the world’s biggest retailer, has no plans to withdraw from the country and may open new stores if good locations can be found, Takeshi Kamigouchi, head of the company’s Japan business told reporters.

His comments come as Walmart conducts a review of global assets amid speculation that it could pull out from some countries such as Brazil and other Latin American markets.

Despite bold monetary and fiscal stimulus, Japan’s consumer spending has been hit by a 2014 hike in the national sales tax, as well as increases in the cost of food and other goods on the back of a weaker yen. Shoppers also face the prospect of another hike in the sales tax although the government is now considering a delay.

Kamigouchi said, however, the company’s same-store sales in Japan had been growing year-on-year over the past two years.

“When we listen to our customers there’s no sign of dramatic improvement. They’re still living in a defensive mode,” he said.

“But three to four years ago the number of customers was dire. The number of customers has been improving in the past two years, which is encouraging and good for our business.”

Closures of some stores announced two years ago are now mostly completed, he added.


Walmart operates Seiyu-brand stores in Japan. It first invested in the company in 2002 and took full control in 2008.

But it has struggled to leverage its global scale against local retail giants Aeon Co and Seven & i Holdings Co. It now has 345 stores in Japan compared with 434 before the closures announced in 2014.

(Reporting by Ritsuko Shimizu; Writing by Ritsuko Ando)

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