Justice Department to Appeal Approval of AT&T-Time Warner Merger

July 12, 2018, 8:57 PM UTC
AT&T CEO Randall Stephenson Discusses Justice Dept. Lawsuit Over Company's Time Warner Merger
NEW YORK, NY - NOVEMBER 20: AT&T Chairman and CEO Randall Stephenson speaks at a news conference in Time Warner headquarters addressing the latest developments in the AT&T and Time Warner merger on November 20, 2017 in New York City. The U.S. Justice Department filed sued today to block AT&T's proposed $85.4 billion takover of of Time. (Photo by Amir Levy/Getty Images)
Amir Levy—Getty Images

The U.S. Justice Department said it’s appealing a judge’s decision allowing AT&T Inc.’s takeover of Time Warner Inc., renewing the government’s antitrust fight against a merger that created a telecommunications and media giant.

The department’s antitrust division filed a notice of appeal Thursday in Washington federal court. AT&T slipped 0.9 percent to $31.95 in extended trading at 4:19 p.m. in New York.

A Justice Department win at the appeals level would undo a stinging rebuke for the government and vindicate the decision by the head of the antitrust division, Makan Delrahim, to challenge the Time Warner takeover. The case has been closely watched because it’s the first time in decades a court has decided a merger of companies that operate in a different parts of a supply chain. Another loss would set a binding precedent that could restrict future enforcement against these so-called vertical deals.

AT&T closed the Time Warner transaction on June 14, two days after Leon’s ruling. The Justice Department had agreed not to seek an emergency court order preventing the deal from closing after AT&T promised to operate Time Warner’s Turner Broadcasting as a separate business unit until 2019.

In his decision, Leon rejected the government’s argument that acquiring Time Warner will give AT&T the power to raise prices that cable and satellite-TV companies pay for Time Warner content such as CNN, which in turn will lead to higher bills for consumers. AT&T countered that the government’s economic model was riddled with flaws and that the deal will enable AT&T and Time Warner to more effectively compete against companies such as Netflix Inc.

The ruling was a blow to Delrahim’s approach to reviewing vertical mergers. For years, companies won antitrust approval for these deals by agreeing to restrictions on how they conduct business.

Delrahim rejected those behavioral settlements last year because he said they required enforcers to act as regulators who must ensure companies comply with their promises. Instead, companies should have to sell assets to fix competitive problems stemming from mergers, he said.

That stance led to the AT&T lawsuit in November after Chief Executive Officer Randall Stephenson refused the government’s demand to sell DirecTV or Turner Broadcasting.