Greek lawmakers approved tax increases and a new privatization fund on Sunday and freed up the sale of non-performing loans in exchange for much-needed bailout loans and debt relief.
Athens hopes the measures, two days before a key meeting of Eurozone finance ministers, will help it unlock the funds it needs to pay off debts to the European Central Bank, International Monetary Fund and government contractors.
“Greeks have already paid a lot, but this is probably the first time that the possibility of these sacrifices being the last is so evident,” Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras told lawmakers before a vote in parliament.
His left-led coalition, re-elected in September on pledges to implement the terms of a 86-billion euro ($96 billion) bailout it signed up to in July, has a narrow majority of 153 lawmakers in the 300-seat parliament.
The coalition voted in favor of the reforms with only one lawmaker against some articles on the new privatization fund and a contingency mechanism of spending cuts that will be activated only if Athens looks set to miss its fiscal targets.
Syriza MP Vassiliki Katrivanou later resigned saying in a post she uploaded on Facebook that: “we are implementing measures and policies which are against the core of our values.” Her resignation will not affect the government’s majority since she will be replaced.
The taxes will increase value-added tax by one point to 24 percent, extend the existing tax on real estate and also raise duty on fuel, tobacco and internet usage.
Demonstrators rallied outside parliament in the evening to protest against the reforms, although their numbers were well down from a couple of weeks earlier when parliament voted through another package of cuts to pensions.
“It’s a disaster!,” said 60-year old businessman Panayiotis Kehris. “We will cut down on everything, from food to driving.”
To appease the angry public, Tsipras told lawmakers that each time Athens exceeds its annual primary surplus targets, the extra state revenues would go to a social solidarity fund. About 700 million euros would go to the fund this year, he said.
Talks between Athens and its foreign creditors over the reforms have dragged on for months, mainly due to a rift between the E.U. and the IMF over Greece’s fiscal progress, and to resistance in Athens to unpopular measures.
The IMF says Greece cannot achieve a 3.5 percent primary surplus target in 2018 or later unless it gets substantial debt relief and takes upfront measures. It has set both as conditions for its participation in the bailout.
Eurozone lenders, eager to wrap up the negotiations quickly and avoid a new crisis in the bloc, insist the targets are feasible but Germany, the bloc’s paymaster, wants the IMF to stay involved.
To help break the deadlock, Athens has included a contingency mechanism of spending cuts, which will be activated if it is set to miss its bailout targets. The IMF has yet to approve it, a source close to the lenders said.
The May 24 Eurogroup meeting will discuss the mechanism and flesh out details on how to ease the country’s debt burden. The government wants a concrete deal on short-term and medium debt relief. Reports last week suggested the IMF wants the Eurozone to give Greece grace until 2040, and to stretch its repayments out till 2080, well beyond what Germany has been willing to accept so far.
Tsipras hopes a debt restructuring will help attract investors and convince Greeks their sacrifices are starting to pay off after seven years of austerity.
“European leaders will receive a message tonight, that Greece fulfills its obligations. Tomorrow, the other side must also take responsibility,” he said.