The stock market may feel like being on a roller coaster right now, but it can be a good time to make some extra money without lifting a finger—or taking on too much risk.
Thanks to the Federal Reserve opting to continue rate hikes, the average interest on savings accounts and money-market accounts, as well as CD rates, are generating big returns. Betterment, for example, hiked interest on its cash reserve account to 4.2% APY this week. It’s far from the only game in town; Ally Bank offers 4% on its money-market accounts, while Citizens offers 4.25% APY on its savings account.
With interest rates so high, there is a lot of money flowing to high-yield accounts—especially as market benchmarks like the S&P 500 have delivered only about 3.5% returns year to date. More than $460 billion has been flowing into money-market funds, for example, since last March, when the Fed began raising rates.
The challenge for stocks right now is that because of extended market volatility, cash yields are competitive, says Dale Shafer, a certified financial planner (CFP) and founder of Arizona-based Life Moves Wealth Management. In other words, you might earn more on your savings account right now than your investments.
That raises the question—should you change up your investing and savings game plan? The short answer from financial professionals: It depends.
Move your cash to a new high-yield home
If you’ve got an emergency savings stash sitting in a low-interest account, it’s practically a no-brainer to find a new home for that cash to earn a better rate. Especially when you consider that inflation is up 6% year over year.
“Taking advantage of higher-yielding, insured savings accounts is a great way to maximize the power of compounding for ALL of your funds, not just stocks and bonds,” says Mike Silane, a chartered financial analyst (CFA) and founder of California-based 21 West Wealth Management. “This is especially important for emergency funds set aside for potentially important causes such as job loss or a large unexpected financial expense.”
Just make sure that you’re looking at all the terms and conditions of the account and rates. Some accounts have minimum deposit requirements to earn the maximum APY, for example.
Consider the best ways to rejigger your contributions
A lot of investors set up automatic withdrawals from their paycheck to their 401(k), or from their checking account to savings, brokerage, or Roth IRA accounts. It’s a helpful strategy, but it can mean that it needs adjusting from time to time, like when you get a raise.
Now may also be a good time to consider where you’re allocating your extra cash. But before you move your money around, first take a holistic approach and look at not only where and how you’re investing—but what the goals are for that money long term, financial planners recommend.
Consider: Do you have enough saved in your emergency fund? Are you on track to reach your short-term savings goals? What’s your outlook on your retirement savings?
“The first thing I do is determine whether they’re already saving enough in the right places,” says Crystal Rau, a CFP and founder of Texas-based Beyond Balanced Financial Planning. “If they’re short on retirement savings, then no way would I tell them to reduce their savings in investments for a high-yield savings account. The old saying goes, buy low and sell high, so why miss out on getting into the market now when everything is on sale?”
If you are on track to reach your goals, then it depends, Rau says. High-yield savings provides a great risk-free way to allow your cash to grow right now. If that’s attractive, then Rau would recommend Americans drive more to a high-yield savings than other post-tax investments—but, again, only if their other goals are taken care of first.
“If everything else in their financial profile is where it needs to be and the cash is truly idle, it makes sense to move it to a higher yielding account type, including money-market, short-term CDs, and short-term Treasuries,” Shafer adds.
Remember there’s an “opportunity cost” to high-yield savings
While rates approaching 5% on high-yield savings accounts are a welcome increase, the vast majority of financial professionals Fortune spoke with did not recommend investors completely stop contributing to their various investing accounts in favor of high-yield savings.
Investors need to remember that the amount allocated to the high-yield savings accounts also comes with an “opportunity cost,” says Jiayi (Kristy) Xu, a CFP and founder of Global Wealth Harbor.
The past 50 years of market data show that the average one-year S&P 500 index return after the above-average peak inflation is 17% and the average three-year S&P 500 index accumulative return after the above-average peak inflation is 46%. “For long-term investors who consider growth to be their investment goal, allocating funds away from the equity market to put into high-yield savings accounts means they might lose the opportunities to take advantage of the equity market,” Xu says.
Savings accounts are not a replacement for traditional long-term investments such as the stock market, adds Ben Wacek, CFP and founder of Minnesota-based Guide Financial Planning.
“Though there is much uncertainty in the stock market and it’s very difficult, if not impossible, to know where it will go over the short term, stock market investors have been rewarded by sticking with an allocation to stocks over the long term,” he says, noting that the U.S. stock market has provided a return of about 10% per year over the last century. So if an investor had $10,000 in a savings account yielding a 5% APY for 30 years, they’d have about $43,000. But those investing and getting a 10% average annual return would have about $174,000 after 30 years, Wacek calculates.
Don’t sell to stash cash
It’s one thing for investors to look around for the best rate on their existing cash, but it’s another to sell off investments. Financial planners don’t advise taking that route for most investors—especially younger Americans with long time horizons.
Why? Stocks and bonds are still well off their all-time highs—and typically investors generally don’t want to sell low, says Bryan Minogue, CFP and founder of Wisconsin-based Kardinal Financial.
“For long-term investors, you should still expect a higher return from stocks and bonds compared to cash,” Minogue says. But you don’t want to make a habit of selling your investments in the midst of bear markets if you can avoid it.