Who is Inigo Philbrick? The art dealer who just got 7 years in prison for an $86 million fraud

May 24, 2022, 10:00 AM UTC
QUEENS, NY - APRIL 11: Inigo Philbrick and Francesca attend Chufy and Globe-Trotter Luggage Collaboration at Loukoumi Taverna on April 11, 2016 in Queens, NY. (Photo by Clint Spaulding/Patrick McMullan via Getty Images)
Clint Spaulding—Patrick McMullan via Getty Images)

High-end art dealer Inigo Philbrick was sentenced to seven years in prison after pleading guilty to an $86 million fraud.

Philbrick, who specialized in postwar and contemporary art and had galleries in London and Miami, ran a “Ponzi-like scheme” in which he used money from some customers to buy artworks, pay off others and bankroll a lavish lifestyle, federal prosecutors said. When it all began to fall apart in 2019, he went on the lam to escape the claims of his clients, ending up in the South Pacific island nation of Vanuatu, where he was taken into custody by US Marshals the following year.

In a statement he read to the judge on Monday in federal court in Manhattan, Philbrick, 35, apologized to his victims and called his conduct “outrageous and inexcusable.”

“Why did you do it?” US District Judge Sidney Stein asked him point-blank.

“Vanity and greed,” Philbrick responded. “I tried to find a way to live a life that wasn’t true.”

Harsh Conditions

The defense had asked Stein for leniency, citing information Philbrick provided about his fraud and other art market scams after his arrest. They also pointed to harsh conditions he endured at the Metropolitan Detention Center, a federal jail in Brooklyn, during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Philbrick said there were frequent lockdowns, making visits with family and communications with his lawyers difficult, and that inmates were fed only lunch meats and peanut butter sandwiches for weeks at a time. His fiancee gave birth to one of his daughters while he was behind bars. 

Still, in the face of skeptical questions from Stein, his lawyer conceded that the crime was serious. 

“We’re not here to give him a medal,” defense attorney Jeffrey Lichtman told the judge. “We’re here because he committed a massive fraud.”

Duped Clients

Philbrick burst on the art scene as a brash young dealer, bidding millions for works by Jean-Michel Basquiat and Yayoi Kusama, and then vanished in late 2019 amid a wave of lawsuits by collectors including the billionaire Reuben brothers. He sold more than 100% ownership in artworks to multiple people and entities and used works as collateral on loans without the knowledge of co-owners, among other misrepresentations, according to a statement Monday from the office of Manhattan U.S. Attorney Damian Williams.

The judge said he would determine later how much Philbrick must pay in restitution to victims. The disgraced dealer has already agreed to forfeit two paintings, a 1998 untitled work by Christopher Wool and an untitled 2018 work by Wade Guyton.

But prosecutors said most of the money was gone and that victims had been forced to battle in court over some 29 artworks whose ownership is unclear.

‘Brazen Lies’

Philbrick’s success “was built on brazen lies, including concealed ownership interests, fake documents, and even an invented art collector,” Williams said in the statement.

In imposing a sentence below federal guidelines, which called for roughly 10 to 12 years, Stein pointed to Philbrick’s efforts to cooperate with investigators and to conditions at the jail.

The government had asked that Philbrick be sentenced to “a significant term of imprisonment” below the guidelines. He has already spent 22 months in custody since his arrest, which will count toward his term. 

The statutory maximum was 20 years. 

The case is US v. Philbrick, 20-cr-351, US District Court, Southern District of New York (Manhattan).

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