Members of the press put their lives on the line in their efforts to publicize and rectify injustices in the world. In some unfortunate cases, they endure injustices of their own—facing arrest, imprisonment, or even death for doing their work.
To expose the threats journalists endure, Fortune is part of the One Free Press Coalition, an organization of more than a dozen leading news organizations—including the Associated Press, Reuters, Financial Times, Forbes, and Time—who vow to use their collective audience to stand up for journalists under attack for doing their work.
For the past four months, the One Free Press Coalition has been listing the most urgent press freedom cases. Beginning with its June list (last month), the coalition ranks the top 10 cases in order of urgency. To accompany the fifth monthly list, the coalition has also quantified threats to press freedom by compiling a series of statistics (below).
Following are the 10 most urgent examples of journalists who are or were incarcerated, under threat, or facing injustice for their work. (You can read last month’s list here.) That list follows, and will be revised monthly.
1. Jamal Khashoggi (Saudi Arabia): New UN report squarely blames Saudi Arabia and implicates prince for journalist’s murder.
Despite the scathing report and earlier findings from the CIA that point to the Saudi crown prince’s involvement, there’s still no independent investigation into the Virginia resident’s brutal murder at the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul. Calls for the White House to release intelligence reports have gone unheeded, along with a deadline to reply to Congress as required under the U.S. Global Magnitsky Act.
2. Norma Sarabia (Mexico): Crime reporter shot to death at her home in Mexico.
The correspondent for Diario Presente and Tabasco HOY was shot and killed at her home in Tabasco state, Mexico, on June 11. Sarabia had been covering crime and violence and received threats in 2014 for her reporting. The Tabasco state attorney general’s office said it had opened an investigation into the murder, but the killer remains at large.
3. Marzieh Amiri (Iran): Journalist arrested covering May Day demonstrations.
The economics reporter at Tehran-based newspaper Shargh Daily was arrested by Iranian authorities while covering May Day demonstrations, and since then her family has had limited contact with her. Authorities have accused Amiri of committing crimes against national security without giving any further details. As of June 2019, no date for release has been given.
4. Azory Gwanda (Tanzania): Independent Tanzanian journalist still missing.
A freelance journalist working in rural Tanzania, Gwanda has been missing since November 21, 2017. Before his disappearance, Gwanda had been investigating mysterious killings in his community. The Tanzanian government has so far failed to launch a credible investigation into his case.
5. Stanislav Aseyev (Ukraine): Disappeared reporter turns up in prison, held with limited communication.
Ukrainian freelance reporter Stanislav Aseyev disappeared two years ago in Donetsk, Ukraine. He was reportedly detained by Russia-backed separatists in east Ukraine and confessed to espionage charges on a Russian state-run TV channel while under obvious duress. Family members have had intermittent communication with him over the past two years, and there are serious concerns over Aseyev’s health in prison.
6. Aasif Sultan (India): Journalist imprisoned for covering Kashmir conflict faces health concerns.
Aasif Sultan, a reporter for Kashmir Narrator, was arrested and charged with “complicity” in “harboring known terrorists” in August 2018. Sultan, who has health issues, has been repeatedly interrogated and asked to reveal his sources by police.
7. Daphne Caruana Galizia (Malta): No progress in murder of investigative journalist.
Panama Papers investigative reporter Daphne Caruana Galizia was murdered in a car-bomb blast in 2017 in Malta. There has been little movement on her case since then, and the perpetrators still remain at large.
8. Jones Abiri (Nigeria): Journalist rearrested on dubious charges.
Since May 2019 the publisher and editor-in-chief of the Weekly Source, Jones Abiri, is again behind bars on charges under Nigeria’s cybercrimes act, anti-sabotage act and terrorism prevention act for crimes allegedly carried out in 2016. The charges match those authorities put forth when he was held without access to his family or a lawyer from 2016 to 2018.
9. Seyoum Tsehaye (Eritrea): Nearly 20 years behind bars for his journalism.
Seyoum Tsehaye is one of several Eritrean journalists arrested after the government summarily banned the privately owned press in 2001 in response to criticism of President Isaias Afwerki. Eritrean authorities have never accounted for the whereabouts, health or legal status of Seyoum and the others.
10. Wei Zhili (China): Chinese journalist arrested for reporting on labor rights.
Editor Wei Zhili was arrested by Chinese authorities in March 2019 on charges of disturbing public order, though his family believe it was in connection to his reporting on labor rights issues in their community. According to The Committee to Protect Journalists’ (CPJ) 2018 prison census, China is the second-largest jailer of journalists in the world.
Press freedom facts: July 2019
Source: Committee to Protect Journalists
- Saudi Arabia has imprisoned 16 journalists according to CPJ’s latest prison census.
- So far in 2019, Mexico is the deadliest country for journalists. At least three journalists have been confirmed killed in connection to their work, and CPJ is investigating another four additional killings to determine if the journalists were killed in relation to their work.
- In Iran, at least eight journalists were behind bars according to CPJ’s most recent prison census.
- In Eritrea, at least 16 journalists are held in detention without trial, many since 2001, according to CPJ research.
- China had 47 journalists in prison according to CPJ’s 2018 prison census, making it the second leading country jailing journalists, after Turkey.
- CPJ has confirmed at least nine journalists killed in connection to their work in 2019. Five of them were murdered.
- In nine out of 10 cases where a journalist has been targeted for murder, their killers go free.
- Of the 1,344 journalists killed since 1992, 862 were murdered in retaliation for their work.
- As of CPJ’s 2018 prison census, 250 journalists were behind bars.
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