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These Are the 11 Safest Cities in the World

Big cities aren’t necessarily unsafe.

In fact, some of the safest cities in the world are urban hubs that boast low crime rates and high levels of safety.

The Economist’s 2017 safe cities index, sponsored by NEC, ranked 60 cities based on the factors of personal security, digital security, health security, and infrastructure security.

Personal security takes into account urban crime, terrorism, and other violence. Digital security measures threats like cyber attacks. Health security considers healthcare access, hospitals, and emergency services. Infrastructure security looks into cities with safe buildings, roads, and bridges. The Economist analyzed 49 indicators across each aspect of security in order to come up with a score out of 100. Safer cities received higher scores.

Overall, however, The Economist found that man-made dangers, like cyber threats, terrorism, and inequality-induced violence are on the rise in urban areas.

No US cities cracked the very top of the list — San Francisco came closest, with a ranking of 15. On the other hand, Japan and Australia each saw two cities make the top 11.

Here are the safest cities around the globe:

11. Frankfurt, Germany

Frankfurt Römerberg
Getty Images
Getty Images

Overall score: 84.86

Personal security ranking: 11

Digital security ranking: 16

Health security ranking: 3

Infrastructure security ranking: 23

Read more: 18 of the most beautiful public spaces in the world, according to urban designers

10. Zurich, Switzerland

Old Town Zurich aerial view
Getty Images
Getty Images

Overall score: 85.2

Personal security ranking: 20

Digital security ranking: 19

Health security ranking: 4

Infrastructure security ranking: 10

9. Hong Kong

Busy street in Kowloon, Hong Kong
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Getty Images

Overall score: 86.22

Personal security ranking: 7

Digital security ranking: 5

Health security ranking: 24

Infrastructure security ranking: 7

8. Stockholm, Sweden

Panorama of Stockholm, Sweden
Getty Images
Getty Images

Overall score: 86.72

Personal security ranking: 9

Digital security ranking: 13

Health security ranking: 10

Infrastructure security ranking: 4

7. Sydney, Australia

City of Sydney Cityscape with Opera House and Sailing Boat
Getty Images
Getty Images

Overall score: 86.74

Personal security ranking: 12

Digital security ranking: 12

Health security ranking: 6

Infrastructure security ranking: 9

Read more: The best US cities to live in to escape the worst effects of climate change

6. Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Streets of Amsterdam
Getty Images
Getty Images

Overall score: 87.26

Personal security ranking: 10

Digital security ranking: 4

Health security ranking: 12

Infrastructure security ranking: 6

5. Melbourne, Australia

The city of Melbourne, Australia.
Getty Images
Getty Images

Overall score: 87.3

Personal security ranking: 8

Digital security ranking: 11

Health security ranking: 9

Infrastructure security ranking: 7

4. Toronto, Canada

Toronto Skyline
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ThermalX Getty Images

Overall score: 87.36

Personal security ranking: 5

Digital security ranking: 6

Health security ranking: 11

Infrastructure security ranking: 14

3. Osaka, Japan

Osaka Tower and view of the neon advertisements Shinsekai district
Getty Images
Getty Images

Overall score: 88.87

Personal security ranking: 3

Digital security ranking: 14

Health security ranking: 1

Infrastructure security ranking: 11

2. Singapore

Street view of China town in Singapore
Getty Images
Getty Images

Overall score: 89.64

Personal security ranking: 1

Digital security ranking: 2

Health security ranking: 13

Infrastructure security ranking: 1

Read more: The 10 hottest neighborhoods in the US right now

1. Tokyo, Japan

Shibuya Shopping District, Tokyo, Japan
Getty Images
Getty Images

Overall score: 89.8

Personal security ranking: 4

Digital security ranking: 1

Health security ranking: 2

Infrastructure security ranking: 12

This article originally appeared on BusinessInsider.com