9 superhuman innovations

September 7, 2012, 1:22 PM UTC

Flex-Foot Cheetah by Ossur

These J-shaped carbon fiber blades were worn by South African Oscar Pistorius to run in both the Olympic and Paralympic games. The technology used in the Cheetah, made by Icelandic company Ossur, hasn't changed since the late 1990s. In that time, Pistorius has shaved seconds off his personal best through training alone.

BiOM by iWalk

Billed as the world's first bionic ankle system, the BiOM uses battery-powered robotics to mimic leg muscles and adjust to changing terrain. The foot provides a powered push-off that propels the wearer forward, helping them maintain a natural walking motion in each phase of their gait.

Soleus by College Park

The innovative multiple-spring design, chosen by Japanese track and field athlete Maya Nakanishi, ensures natural movement, smooth transitions, and a wide range of motion.

Proprio by Ossur

Ossur calls this bionic prosthetic the world's first intelligent foot. The powered ankle motion, which lifts the toe to avoid trips and falls, alongside its intelligent terrain adaptation and natural function, make the Proprio feel particularly life-like.

Ottobock blades

Above-the-knee amputee Heinrich Popow wears these custom-made legs when he competes in the 100m, 200m, and long-jump competitions. The socket connecting the residual limb and the prosthetic leg must be a perfect fit to minimize the loss of energy through movement and friction. Unlike the blades worn by Pistorius, these prosthetics include a mechanical knee that allow the leg to bend and straighten naturally.

Genium by Ottobock

Human knees are incredibly hard to mimic. This state-of-the-art microprocessor-controlled knee joint uses sensors to detect information more than 100 times per second to emulate the user's natural gait.

Power Knee by Össur

As its name suggests, this active prosthetic for above-knee amputees gives users extra power to maintain walking speeds and go up stairs. A combination of accelerometers, gyroscopes, a torque sensor, and a load cell work together to constantly monitor the movement of the knee, making it an integrated extension of the user.

I-LIMB by Touch Bionics

The i-LIMB claims to be the most advanced artificial hand on the market. Each finger can move on its own, and the thumb is rotatable through 90 degrees. The hand is controlled by electrical impulses created by contracting muscles, which are picked up by electrodes in the wrist and interpreted by a computer in the back of the hand.

Ekso by Ekso Bionics

Ekso is a bionic, wearable robot, or exoskeleton, for people with lower-body paralysis. Using a combination of motors and sensors, it allows the user to walk over ground with a human-like gait. It's ready to wear, battery-powered, and can be strapped on in less than 5 minutes.