Anti-capitalism protestors clashed with police Wednesday as the European Central Bank unveiled its new $1.4 billion headquarters in Frankfurt. It made for a chaotic scene, both on the ground and on social media. Protestors set fire to barricades and cars, leaving a thick haze floating over the city's skyline.
Nearly 90 police have been hurt by stones and unidentified liquids thrown by a small number of aggressive protestors. Police used pepper spray and water cannons to try to control the crowd and make a path through the protestors to the entrance of the new ECB building. Some 350 demonstrators have been arrested and dozens injured.
The protest is led by a group called Blockupy and German workers' unions. An estimated 10,000 demonstrators have taken to the streets to campaign against what they see as unfair practices by the ECB that have led to debilitating austerity measures in EU member states.
The ECB is in charge of managing the euro and outlining euro zone policy. It has also played a key role — in partnership with the International Monetary Fund and European Commission — in setting conditions for bailouts in Ireland, Greece, Portugal, and Cyprus.
ECB President Mario Draghi addressed a crowd at the grand opening of the new headquarters, inaugurating the 600-foot-tall tinted glass building that will serve as the new home for thousands of central bankers.
Draghi also directed part of his speech toward the protestors, according to an advance text obtained by the New York Times.
European unity is being strained. People are going through very difficult times. There are some, like many of the protesters outside today, who believe the problem is that Europe is doing too little.
But the euro area is not a political union of the sort where some countries permanently pay for others. It has always been understood that countries have to be able to stand on their own two feet – that each is responsible for its own policies. The fact that some had to go through a difficult period of adjustment was therefore not a choice that was imposed on them. It was a consequence of their past decisions.
Activists balked at the expense of the new building, which cost an estimated 1.3 billion euro to build. They see it as a symbol of the bank's detachment from the economic pain that has plagued many EU countries. Blockupy coordinators said on their website that "there's nothing to celebrate in your handling of the crisis" and encouraged supporters to take to the streets during the debut of the ECB's new building.
Hesse's Minister of Economy Tarek Al-Wazier, left, the President of the European Central Bank Mario Draghi and Frankfurt's mayor Peter Feldmann stand side-by side during the opening ceremony of the ECB's new headquarters. Photograph by Frank Rumpenhorst — picture-alliance/dpa/AP
Here's even more evidence that the intended peaceful protests have become less than friendly.