Two women who, among many other extraordinary achievements, have helped assist more than 4,000 survivors of workplace sexual harassment since 2018, are now coming to an office near you.
Civil rights attorneys and co-founders of the TIME’S UP Legal Defense Fund Roberta Kaplan and Tina Tchen have teamed up again to co-found HABIT, a new anti-sexual harassment advisory that they hope will be a welcome addition into a crowded field.
“We’ve heard over and over from a number of companies that the options available were unsatisfactory and that – particularly in this environment – they need a different kind of help,” says Kaplan. It’s bigger than legal compliance, and more powerful than one-off bias mitigation, says Tchen. “What we’re really addressing here is culture.”
RaceAhead caught up with Tchen and Kaplan by phone last night, to mark the launch of their new venture and to get their broader view on gender, equity, and sexual harassment in the modern era.
They were at times ebullient and contemplative. And they’re very busy.
Tchen has long operated in the dual worlds of law and governance – in addition to her lengthy legal career, she was an assistant to President Obama, Chief of Staff to First Lady Michelle Obama, and Executive Director of the White House Council on Women and Girls. Kaplan, who’s represented everyone from Airbnb to the Minnesota Vikings, is probably best known for her landmark Supreme Court case, the United States v. Windsor, which ruled that a key provision of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) violated the U.S. Constitution on behalf of legally married same-sex couples.
But the two first teamed up to create the TIME’S UP Legal Defense Fund in the wake of the Harvey Weinstein sexual harassment scandal.
“It was pretty clear that there wasn’t enough available and willing legal support to represent women who either had claims or to defend them against claims, relating to issues of sexual assault or harassment at work,” says Kaplan. The Fund, which recruits expert volunteers and has helped raise more than $24 million to defray legal costs, was a way to “re-incentivize the market to get these women (and men) represented.”
They say that HABIT, which stands for Harassment, Acceptance, Bias, and Inclusion Training, is a tailored set of offerings aiming to fill a niche in the marketplace. “I certainly think there’s been a lot of surprise about the strength and power of TIME’S UP and Me Too,” says Kaplan.
I asked them about male “backlash,” the largely anecdotal phenomenon of executive men refusing to mentor women for fear of making a mistake or being accused. While men have been successfully mentoring women for decades says Kaplan, the simple rule of “don’t do to others what you don’t want done to yourself…or your daughter,” may not be sufficient in such interesting times.
Tchen says these new questions are gateways to better corporate culture. “I actually get asked all the time, ‘How do I say hello? How do I give a compliment?’ And even more important, ‘How do I give criticism?’” she says. It’s also essential that men get the coaching they need so they can become comfortable giving developmental feedback. “Woman and people of color can’t grow in their careers without real guidance.”
And what about the companies that have been tolerating powerful predators in their midst? How can those cultures change?
Tchen says that legal loopholes have made it difficult for bystanders to speak up, even if they knew what to say. “There are no protections under federal employment law to protect bystanders to harassment,” she says. In fact, many liability or anti-harassment trainings correctly note that there’s nothing in it for you to support someone who is being targeted. “I’ve heard it taught that ‘it would be nice if you spoke up, but you are not required to,’” she says.
That needs to change, she says. “Even though the law doesn’t protect bystanders, you [the employer] can choose to.” And, you can teach them how to safely weigh in or intervene. But you have to tackle the big stuff. “Whatever allowed a repeat offender to stay in their jobs for so long means that there was something wrong with the system,” she says.
Finally, I asked what lessons can be learned from the high-profile offenders, the Charlie Roses, the Matt Lauers, and other men who have been fired from their jobs and banished from public life. People do seem to worry that these punishments will always be permanent. What would a “Sexual Predator Re-entry Program” look like? Is there a gray area?
Kaplan turns philosophical. “You’re really talking about redemption,” she says, citing the work of author and Rabbi Danya Ruttenberg as inspiration. “Now, she talks about contrition and really doing the work of addressing what you did and how it was wrong,” she says. “You have to legitimately show and do something beyond just talk.”
Both say that this is the essence of the work.
To be better allies, men need to listen to what women say about their lives at work. And then, show up. “It’s important that men learn to be less afraid of making a mistake and find ways to be part of the change process,” says Tchen. Then, the power “habit” we all need to practice is acceptance. “The rest of us need to accept that others are still finding the words and will be engaged with a different level of understanding,” she says. “We need to make room.”
|The Fortune 500 is here, what you need to know|
|For one, it sets a new record. As of June 1st, there will be 33 women-led companies, the highest total ever. My colleague Claire Zillman points out that it’s still a dismally low number, just 6.6% of all CEOs. But it’s a big jump from last year’s total of 24, or 4.8%. That said, they’re all mostly white. Last year’s list included PG&E CEO Geisha Williams, who is Latina, and PepsiCo’s Indra Nooyi, who is Indian-American. Both have since left their posts. But his year finds Mary Winston in the top spot at Bed Bath & Beyond, the first black women to serve as a Fortune 500 CEO since Xerox’s Ursula Burns left over two years ago. It’s an interim post, but she’s there. Check out the entire list and coverage here, more about women CEOs below.|
|How freezing the salaries of 20 executives changed this company|
|CEOs who are hoping to tackle the very real income inequalities in their workplaces now have a new role model in CareCentrix. Five years ago, CareCentrix CEO, John Driscoll, had an issue to solve. CareCentrix revenue growth had stopped and turnover numbers were high with some areas of the company losing 30-40% of their employees in a year. On top of that, Driscoll was receiving emails about how the $7.25 (the federal minimum wage) was not enough for the entry-level employees. (One employee was living out of her car with her child.) So he froze the wages of twenty members of his senior team to raise the wages of the entry-level employees to $15 an hour. The business has tripled and the minimum wage is now close to $16.50. Driscoll says, “I share my story at CareCentrix so that politicians and the public remember the role and responsibility of the business community in contributing to the success of the American Dream, and so that business leaders understand that an investment in the workforce is one of the best financial decisions to make.”|
|The SAT is adding an “adversity score”I|
|The College Board has just announced that they will now be assigning an adversity score to each student who takes the SAT. This score will be calculated using fifteen factors – including crime and poverty levels in the student’s neighborhood and high school – in order to better reflect the challenges imposed by their socio-economic backgrounds. Colleges can use this number, however students won’t be told their scores. Some fifty colleges and universities participated in a beta test this past year including Yale, whose number of low-income and first-in-their-family students to attend college has doubled to 20% of new students. Yale’s Dean of Admissions, Jeremiah Quinlan, said “This [adversity score] is literally affecting every application we look at. It has been a part of the success story to help diversify our freshman class.”|
|Get yourself to the beach this June|
|In other Fortune news, we’re excited about the inaugural edition of Brainstorm Finance, which will take place in Montauk, Long Island on June 19-20. The invite-only conference will welcome big bank CEOs and the tech startups who want to replace them. It promises to be a lively and diverse convening. If you’re interested in joining, please drop a note to email@example.com. More details below.|
|An interview with HBO’s Wyatt Cenac|
|SWyatt Cenac’s HBO show, Problem Areas, is a raceAhead favorite for quite a few reasons, but mainly this: It’s hard-hitting journalism barely disguised as comedy. Most of the show is spent on-the-ground reporting on the kinds of controversial subjects that most comedians don’t touch. In season one it was a deep dive into policing in the U.S; in season Cenac is tackling inequality in education. Cenac gives all praise to HBO. “I think a lot of credit has to go to the executives at HBO for getting behind this idea and really championing [it]. When I brought it to them, I think it was something that, as an idea to me, felt interesting—to try to think about the local aspects of the national conversations we have, whether that’s something like policing or like education.”|
|The jerk in your office is a problem|
|Writer Katy Preen gets right to the heart of the matter. You know that guy with the jokes and the bad attitude, who’s dismissive of women and acts like he’s “God’s Gift To Technology?” Stop tolerating him. No matter if he is like that with everyone, or if he is more selective with where he puts his energy, he still creates a toxic environment. Putting up with this behavior harms women more than men, and no boss or HR person feels the pressure to make changes because hiring and firing is expensive, she says. And allies? Nobody wants to be seen as a troublemaker. To fix these issues Preen says, “we can start by holding toxic employees accountable, instead of fobbing off complaints with ‘he’s like that with everyone.’”|
|Code Like A Girl|
|Where are the people of color in math?|
|In his new memoir, Mind and Matter: A Life in Math and Football, John Herschel tells the story of his journey from being a young math whiz to star football player and a mathematician poised to get a doctorate from M.I.T. at 27 years old. Herschel has loved math and acknowledges his passion for a career dominated by white men. Educational inequality is to blame for the disparity, he believes. “There are brilliant, brilliant young minds being born into this country, but either they’re being born the ‘wrong’ gender or the ‘wrong’ color or being born into a household that doesn’t have the same opportunities as some other household,” he says.|