TOPSHOT-VENEZUELA-CRISIS-SCJ-OPPOSITION
Venezuelan opposition deputy Amelia Belisario scuffles with National Guard personnel during a protest in front of the Supreme Court in Caracas on March 30, 2017.  Juan Barreto—AFP/Getty Images

The U.S. Imposes Sanctions on Venezuela’s Supreme Court Judges

May 18, 2017

The Trump administration imposed sanctions on the chief judge and seven other members of Venezuela ’s Supreme Court on Thursday as punishment for annulling the opposition-led Congress earlier this year, U.S. officials said.

The new sanctions package was aimed at stepping up pressure on the leftist government of Venezuela n President Nicolas Maduro and his loyalists amid growing concern over a crackdown on street protests and his efforts to consolidate his rule over the South American oil-producing country.

The move provoked condemnation from Venezuela n Foreign Minister Delcy Rodriguez. "It's outrageo us and unacceptable for the United States to impose sanctions on a sovereign and independent nation in violation of Venezuela n and international laws," she said on Twitter.

Venezuela 's latest wave of anti-government unrest, which has left at least 45 people dead in the last six weeks, began with the Supreme Court , packed with Maduro supporters, assuming the authorities of the opposition-led Congress in late March.

There was an international outcry against the court 's de facto annulment of the National Assembly, which the opposition won in late 2015 during an unprecedented economic and social crisis. The decision was later partially reversed, though it did not stop the unrest.

“The Venezuela n people are suffering from a collapsing economy brought about by their government’s mismanagement and corruption. Members of the country’s Supreme Court of J us tice have exacerbated the situation by consistently interfering with the legislative branch’s authority,” U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said in a statement.

“By imposing these targeted sanctions , the United States is supporting the Venezuela n people in their efforts to protect and advance democratic governance in their country," he said.

Among those hit with sanctions was Maikel Moreno, a Maduro ally who became president of the 32-judge court in February. All of those targeted will have U.S. assets frozen and be denied travel to the United States, while American citizens will be barred from doing b us iness with them, officials said.

Maduro spoke on state television for some two hours on Thursday soon after the sanctions were confirmed but made no mention of them.

Word of the new sanctions came as President Donald Trump expressed dismay at how once-prospero us Venezuela was now mired in poverty, saying “it's been unbelievably poorly run."

Speaking in Washington alongside visiting President Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia, Venezuela ’s neighbor, Trump called the humanitarian situation “a disgrace to humanity” and promised to help fix it, but he offered no new U.S. approach.

A senior U.S. official warned of further action against "bad actors" if there are no changes in the country. But sanctions so far have stopped short of hit ting the oil sector in Venezuela , which is a major U.S. oil supplier.

Republican U.S. Senator Marco Rubio, who had p us hed for further sanctions , called the measures a message “to Maduro and his thugs that their actions are not going to go unpunished.”

Unrest

Hundreds of tho us ands of people have taken to the streets across Venezuela in protest against the Maduro’s government, demanding elections, freedom for jailed activists, foreign aid and autonomy for the opposition-led legislature.

Maduro's aides acc us e them of seeking a violent coup.

The Treasury Department has in the past sanctioned Venezuela n officials or former officials, charging them with trafficking or corruption. In February, the United States blacklisted Venezuela n Vice President Tareck El Aissami for alleged links to drug trafficking.

The officials have denied the charges and called them a pretext to try to topple Maduro's government, something Washington has denied.

For more on U.S. sanctions, watch Fortune's video:

The U.S. government said the judges were being targeted beca us e they had " us urped" democratic authority.

In March, the court stated it was assuming the Congress' role in a ruling authorizing Maduro to create oil joint ventures without the previo us ly mandated congressional approval.

The court said the National Assembly was in contempt over vote-buying acc us ations against three lawmakers. Even though they no longer sit in Congress, the court said opposition leaders had not handled their case legally.

The decision was partially reversed though protests have continued nationwide. Maduro's critics say it was an exc us e for him to consolidate power and muzzle the opposition.

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