Bharara's position at the law school will begin on April 1, the university announced.
"I am thrilled for this opportunity to continue addressing the issues I so deeply care about — criminal and social justice, honest government, national security, civil rights, and corporate accountability, to name a few,” Bharara said in a statement from the law school.
Known as the "Sheriff of Wall Street" for his prosecution of insider trading and corruption in the financial industry, Bharara was among the 46 U.S. attorneys appointed by the Obama administration that Trump's team asked to resign earlier this month. Bharara refused the order, and subsequently tweeted that he had been fired.
Although it is standard practice for a new administration to replace those appointed by their predecessors, Bharara's firing was controversial because he said in November that Trump would retain him.