Australia' s economy shrank last quarter as businesses, consumers and government all cut back on spending, a shock result that threatens both the first recession in a quarter of a century and the country's vaunted triple-A credit rating.
The sharpest contraction since 2008 was a big embarrassment to the conservative government of Malcolm Turnbull which won an election in July on a pledge to deliver growth and jobs.
It was also a chastening outcome for the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) which has recently been beating the drum of economic optimism for the future.
The bank conceded growth would slow when it held rates at 1.5% this week, but also predicted an eventual pick up.
"The economy was hit by a perfect storm," said CommSec chief economist Craig James, pointing to bad weather at home and political uncertainty globally.
"The only way the economy can grow is by Australia ns spending, investing and employing. Australia ns didn't do this in the September quarter."
The Australia n Bureau of Statistics reported gross domestic product (GDP) fell 0.5% in the third quarter, from the second when it rose 0.6%. That was only the fourth negative reading since the country's last recession in 1991.
The value of all goods and services was 1.8% higher than at the same quarter last year, pulling back sharply from around 3.1% in the second quarter.
That just outpaced the United States at 1.6% and the EU at 1.7%, but lagged Bitain's 2.3%.
The market reacted by knocking the local dollar down half a cent to $0.7425, while adding modestly to wagers the RBA might be forced to ease again after cuts in August and May.
Interbank futures <0#YIB:> now imply around a 20% chance of a cut by mid-2017, up from 14% before the GDP news.
HOPING TO DODGE RECESSION
Analysts warned the slowdown in growth badly undercuts the government's budget forecasts, making it harder to deliver an eventual surplus and aggravating the risk of a cut to Australia 's triple A credit rating.
Ratings agency S&P Global has repeatedly cautioned that it might downgrade the country if the promised path to a surplus by 2020 were to slip again.
Treasurer Scott Morrison will lay out his mid-year economic review on Dec. 19 and will be hard pressed to placate the agency, risking a downgrade that would increase borrowing costs for banks and mortgage holders.
It was ironic, then, that it was a pullback in government spending that weighed heavily on growth last quarter. Business investment was another drag with miners still unwinding a decade-long spending boom, while home building retreated after a very strong run.
The Australia n Bureau of Statistics estimated annual GDP was A$1.67 trillion ($1.24 trillion) in current dollars, or around A$69,240 for each of the country's 24 million residents.
One silver lining was a 4.5% jump in the terms of trade as prices for Australia 's major commodity exports rebounded following a couple of years of steady decline.
That should be just a taster as prices have surged even further this quarter. The country's biggest export earner, iron ore, has now doubled since the start of the year.
The RBA's own index of commodity prices jumped 10% in November alone, and when measured by spot prices was 61% higher on the same month last year.
That should boost export earnings and company profits and help cushion the tax take from record-low growth in wages.
It was also a major reason most analysts doubted Australia would suffer two successive quarters of negative GDP - the official definition of recession.
"I see this as a one-off because some of the factors which dragged down growth were reversed in the current quarter," said Shane Oliver, chief economist at AMP Capital.
"Housing and public investment will bounce back, retail spending has recently picked up pace and the boom in resource exports will resume."