One of the best kept secrets in the mutual fund industry is the compensation of portfolio managers who oversee trillions of dollars in retirement assets. The Securities and Exchange Commission does not require any detailed disclosure.
But for those fund managers who make it to the top of Fidelity Investments, the payouts can rival and even surpass the typical pay of a CEO at an S&P 500 company, according to four people familiar with Fidelity 's payout structure. Median CEO Pay at S&P 500 companies totaled $10.8 million in 2015, according to pay research firm Equilar.
Most of portfolio manager pay is determined by how well their funds perform against benchmarks like the Standard & Poor's 500 Index. They also get awards of shares in FMR LLC— Fidelity 's closely-held parent company, which is controlled by the Johnson family. The value of FMR's privately held stock rises and falls largely based on the performance of the mutual fund business.
Fidelity 's elite, including top portfolio managers, get an additional sweetener: lucrative distributions from investments made by a proprietary venture fund called F-Prime Capital Partners. The fund is run on behalf of the family of Fidelity Chief Executive Abigail Johnson and other company insiders.
In some cases, F-Prime's best performing investments—such as Chinese web giant Alibaba—can add millions of dollars to their compensation, according to four people familiar with Fidelity 's compensation structure.
Fidelity is not required to disclose any detailed lists of who receives F-Prime distributions. The company declined to tell Reuters how many people were entitled to the biggest payouts from F-Prime.
But Reuters found that Will Danoff, who has run Fidelity 's flagship Contrafund for 25 years and currently oversees $100 billion-plus in assets as a solo portfolio manager, has received millions from F-Prime investments. After Alibaba's 2014 IPO, F-Prime, an early investor, distributed shares in the Chinese company to investors. Danoff was among the group, according to two people familiar with the distribution.
Danoff received 46,154 Alibaba shares that cost $3,432, or 7 cents apiece, according to an annual report filed by his family's private charitable foundation. The cheap stock reflects how F-Prime made an investment in Alibaba (baba) about 15 years before the company went public.
Danoff's Alibaba shares were worth about $4 million when he received them. Alibaba went public at $68 a share in the largest IPO in history.
In May 2015, he donated the Alibaba stock as part of a $5 million gift to his alma mater, Harvard University, according to disclosures by Danoff's family foundation.
While there's no detailed disclosure about Danoff's Fidelity compensation, the amount of assets in his family's charitable foundation has surged to about $70 million in recent years, according to filings with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. In 2015, Danoff contributed $31.1 million to the charity, including $12 million in Contrafund shares that he personally owned.
Danoff declined to comment.
F-Prime's investments are managed by a closely held advisory firm, Impresa Management. Fidelity said the role of F-Prime and Impresa in the pay of its portfolio managers does not influence their stock picks for the mutual funds they run.
"It is simply not plausible that portfolio managers would invest on behalf of their funds in a way that would negatively impact the performance of the fund in order to boost the value of an Impresa investment," Fidelity said in a statement. "Our compensation model for portfolio managers aligns their interests with the interests of the funds and other client accounts they manage, and we believe that relevant conflicts of interest relating to (portfolio manager) compensation have been disclosed in the funds' SEC filings required by the rules."