Gold was steady on Thursday but poised to mark its third straight annual loss, ahead of what is likely to be another tough year with the prospect of higher U.S. interest rates and dollar strength.
Largely influenced by U.S. monetary policy and dollar flows, the price of gold has fallen about 10% in 2015 as some investors sold the precious metal to buy assets that pay a yield, such as equities.
Spot gold was up 0.2 percent at $1,062.80 an ounce, during the last trading session of the year. Volumes were thin ahead of the New Year holiday on Friday.
Prices were set to end 2015 close to a near-six-year low of $1,045.85 hit earlier in December.
"The key factor for gold remains the strong dollar and that ultimately trumps all other issues including the economy and the geopolitics," said Ross Norman, chief executive of bullion broker Sharps Pixley.
The dollar was on track for a 9% gain this year against a basket of major currencies, making dollar-denominated gold more expensive for holders of other currencies.
Other precious metals have also been hit by dollar strength and the gold slump, and were headed for sharp annual declines.
Silver, 0.2% higher at $13.88 an ounce on Thursday, looked set to end the year down about 11%.
Industrial metals platinum and palladium were harder hit, heading for yearly losses of 27% and 31% respectively, partly due to oversupply from mines and concerns about growth in demand.
Following the U.S. Federal Reserve's first interest rate rise in nearly a decade this month, and indications the central bank would resort to gradual increases in 2016, the outlook for gold does not look bullish.
"2016 will start very much more of the same, which is to say, ongoing Western paper selling, ongoing Eastern physical buying," Sharps Pixley's Norman said.
Other fundamentals were not supportive either. Assets of SPDR Gold Trust, the top gold-backed exchange-traded fund, were near a seven-year low while short positions on COMEX gold contracts were close to a record high.
A bearish outlook for oil could also pile pressure on gold. Gold is often seen as a hedge against oil-led inflation.
"My concern is that gold prices could remain in the $1,000-$1,200 an ounce range for a prolonged period of time as the drivers continue to be the same, including global monetary policies and euro/dollar strength," Commerzbank managing director Adrien Biondi said.