Malaysian Airlines is to be nationalised with a view to a thorough restructuring, after two devastating disasters in four months effectively finished the already-struggling company as a going concern.
The Malaysian Sovereign Wealth Fund Khazanah, which is already the airline's majority shareholder, said in a statement that it had offered to buy out minority shareholders and delist the company. It will pay 0.27 Malaysian ringgit per share, nearly 30% above the average price seen in the last three months.
Malaysian Airlines System Bhd, to give it its full name, has lost two airliners in circumstances that have grabbed the world's attention this year. The first, MH370, disappeared without trace while flying from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing in March with the loss of 239 lives; the second, MH17 was almost certainly brought down by a missile while flying over the war zone in eastern Ukraine en route to Kuala Lumpur from Amsterdam. It was carrying 298 people (mainly Europeans) all of whom died.
The two incidents have had a devastating impact on its reputation, which was already suffering from a long string of financial losses. The company had lost $137 million in the first quarter of 2014 alone. It hasn't published accounts for the second quarter.
The loss of MH370 was followed by a poorly-managed communications campaign which angered the (mainly Chinese) families of the victims and led it to lose over half of its Chinese traffic. The MH17 disaster, in turn, raised questions as to why the plane was flying over a war zone in the first place, especially after international regulators distributed a warning of heightened risks less than a week before. Critics have argued that the financially-strapped airline took risks with passengers' safety in order to economise on fuel.
“We hope these twin tragedies will change the way the aviation industry operates, making global travel safer for all, Prime Minister Najib Razak said in a statement. "But we must also acknowledge that they will change the way MAS operates, too."
He called the airline "part of Malaysia’s history...a symbol of national pride, of our ambitions and our place in the world."