Chairperson, State Bank of India, 60
Bhattacharya’s profile has risen during her three-year tenure atop India’s largest bank, a 210-year-old institution that ranks No. 232 on Fortune’s Global 500. This year, there was much speculation that she might succeed Raghuram Rajan, governor of the Reserve Bank of India. She didn’t get that job, but at SBI, she has continued her high-profile battle with the bank’s bad loans, while courting overseas partners like KKR to invest in the stressed assets. In May, she also orchestrated SBI’s merger with six other groups, a plan that, once complete, will result in one of largest lenders in Asia. Though her term leading the bank is set to expire in October, most expect the government will extend her time so she can see the efforts through.