A hostess welcomes journalists and guests who attend the Huawei database and storage product launch during a press conference at the Huawei Beijing Executive Briefing Centre in Beijing on May 15, 2019. (Photo FRED DUFOUR/AFP/Getty Images)
FRED DUFOUR AFP/Getty Images
By Alan Murray and David Meyer
May 16, 2019

Good morning.

The new Fortune 500 list—the iconic benchmark of success for American corporations—is out this morning. Once again, Walmart took top honors, and Exxon Mobil scored second. But there were some big movers in the tech world: Apple displaced Berkshire Hathaway for the #3 spot, and Amazon cracked the top five for the first time, moving up from No. 8 last year.

As Fortune’s Erika Fry points out, the list is getting increasingly top heavy. The top 50 firms earned 47.7% of all Fortune 500 revenues. That’s up from 46.9% last year, 43.7% 15 years ago, and 41% in 1995. Given recent mergers—CVS-Aetna, AT&T-Time Warner, Marathon-Andeavor—it’s possible the top 50 will account for half of all revenues by the time of next year’s list.

Some of that reflects the inevitable tendencies in today’s tech-driven world, where zero-marginal-cost businesses and scale economies create winner-take-most outcomes. And some reflects the fact that regulators haven’t figured out how to deal with legacy companies that insist they have to merge to compete with their data-rich tech competitors. But it should be no surprise to anyone, given this trend, that antitrust laws are starting to get a second look.

Also this morning, we are putting out more results from our Fortune 500 CEO poll. A few takeaways:

–61% of Fortune 500 CEOs think the economy will stay the same over the next 12 months; only 21% think it will get worse. And slightly over half think a recession won’t hit in the next two years.

–76% think the Federal Reserve has been “just right” in its conduct of monetary policy.

–And 74% say the U.S. remains the best region for them to invest over the next two years.

You can explore the list here, read Erika Fry’s essay on scale here, and see the poll data here.

More news below.

Alan Murray
@alansmurray
alan.murray@fortune.com

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