A Un ited Nations agency has la un ched an effort to craft global guidance for the use of laptop s and other portable electronics in passenger aircraft cabins after selective ban s by the Un ited States and Britain upset airline passengers as well as Middle Eastern carriers.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) met on Tuesday to debate the issue after the Un ited Arab Emirates, Egypt and other co un tries complained their airlines had been un duly penalized by the decision to relegate laptop s to the cargo hold on some flights due to security concerns, three sources familiar with the matter said.
But while ICAO aims to come up with global recommendations to co un ter the risk from hidden explosives in laptop s, the agency cannot override or prevent national measures such as the U.S. and U.K. ban s, said one of the aviation industry sources, who spoke on condition of anonymity because the talks are private.
In March, the U.S. anno un ced laptop restrictions on flights originating from 10 airports in co un tries including the UAE., Qatar and Turkey. Britain quickly followed suit with restrictions on a slightly different set of routes.
An ICAO working paper seen by Reuters threw its weight behind concerns that laptop s are a greater security risk in the passenger cabin than in the hold, because of the threat that hidden explosives could be detonated manually.
"The threat to aircraft from concealed improvised explosive devices has been the greatest security risk to commercial aircraft for some years," it warned.
But ICAO has also asked its experts to weigh this against the safety risk of storing a larger number of flammable batteries un attended in a commercial aircraft's baggage compartment.
European regulators have warned placing what could be h un dreds of devices in the hold on long-haul flights could compromise safety by increasing the risk of fire from poorly deactivated lithium-ion batteries.
Patrick Ky, the head of the European Aviation Safety Agency told Reuters that it wants airlines to be careful about how they store laptop s by avoiding placing them in a single container, for example.
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"Should we go further? I don't think so for the time being. But in case we have a fire risk that we think is high, then of course we would take the necessary actions," Ky added.
ICAO's aviation security panel is expected to make recommendations by mid-J un e, an ICAO spokesman said.
ICAO, which is headquartered in Montreal, does not impose binding rules, but wields clout through safety and security standards that are usually followed by its 191-member co un tries.
ICAO has been asked "to identify a possible global approach to mitigate the security risk associated with large portable electronic devices," according to the paper.
Some co un tries, such as Australia, are introducing new security checks, but not ban s, on flights from specific Middle East co un tries to combat the risk of hidden bombs.
During an informal ICAO briefing in April, some co un tries including the UAE complained that the ban risks creating "market distortions," the three sources said.
The ban is seen as a problem for fast-growing Gulf airlines serving business-class passengers, who want to work on their laptop s on flights out of key hubs like Dubai and Doha.
But aviation and security sources have largely dismissed reports that the partial ban s are a form of protectionism against the Gulf carriers, saying they are based on concrete security concerns.
U.A.E. regulators could not be reached for comment.