An epic remake? More like an epic fail. In mid-August, Ben-Hur, yet another adaptation of the novel about a chariot racer in biblical times, became Hollywood’s latest big-budget bomb. The film, which cost $100 million, eked out a paltry $11.2 million during its opening weekend—a horrible harbinger for overall sales.
Paramount’s colossal flop was no outlier. This summer Hollywood has churned out a stream of easy-to-ignore remakes and sequels like The Legend of Tarzan, Independence Day: Resurgence, and Ghostbusters. Yet despite these disappointments, overall ticket sales have been about on par with last summer’s $4.48 billion.
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The explanation? Enough movies have done well enough to make this blockbuster season a relative success—even without many blockbusters. “Emotionally this was a tough summer on the industry and a bit of a letdown for moviegoers,” says Paul Dergarabedian, a senior media analyst at ComScore. “But the cumulative box-office numbers are actually strong.”
Hollywood has a bigger problem than just this summer, though. Tinseltown’s growing reliance on franchises is no foolproof strategy, and higher ticket prices mask the larger problem of shrinking audiences. As long as studios are able to show profit growth, however, it’s unlikely they will change their ways.
Courtesy of Paramount Pictures
Budget: $100 million
Opening Weekend: $11.2 million
Courtesy of Columbia Pictures
Budget: $144 million
Opening Weekend: $46 million
The Legend of Tarzan
Jonathan Olley—Warner Bros./Everett Collection
Budget: $180 million
Opening Weekend: $38.5 million
Courtesy of Warner Brothers
Budget: $175 million
Opening Weekend: $133.7 million
A version of this article appears in the September 15, 2016 issue of Fortune.