There’s no escape from corporate inversions even if, like me, you’re on vacation at the beach. U.S. icon Burger King announced today that it will buy Canadian donut and coffee icon Tim Horton and become a Canadian company. When you’ve written about inversions—which I called “desertions” well before President Obama did—you can’t let a deal like this one go by without saying something.
That’s especially true because of the role played by another American icon, Warren Buffett, who is lending both his imprimatur and Berkshire Hathaway’s money to the deal.
As a Berkshire shareholder, I hope Buffett has extracted fabulous terms in return for his blessing and the $3 billion of Berkshire money he has committed to the deal. (Detailed terms aren’t available as I write this, and Buffett has declined to comment to Fortune.)
But as a U.S. citizen, I find this deal—and Buffett’s participation in it—as distasteful as a Whopper that’s spent too many hours sitting in the food chute.
I’ve known Buffett for more than 30 years, and generally like and admire him. Warren Buffett, the person who preaches that the rich should pay more in taxes, doesn’t come close to using all his available personal tax deductions. But Warren Buffett the chief executive of Berkshire makes every reasonable effort to hold down the company’s taxes.
But unlike the other Berkshire tax avoidance deals that I’ve written about—such as its “cash-rich split-off” with Graham Holdings (formerly The Washington Post Co.) that I discussed in April and found amusing—seeing Berkshire facilitate the Burger King-Horton deal turns my stomach. (The food metaphor is intentional.)
Split-offs and similar games like the one exercised by Buffett and Graham are one-off transactions, specifically allowed by the tax code, with no patriotism involved. They aren’t the same as inversions, in which companies act as if they’re no longer American when it comes to tax obligations, but continue to operate in this country and receive all the benefits of our great nation: deep and liquid financial markets, rule of law, great places to live and work, the protection accorded to their U.S. and overseas operations by our military.
I’m sure that the people involved in this deal—and possibly Buffett himself—have talked or soon will about how Burger King will keep paying U.S. taxes on its U.S. profits even after it inverts. What they won’t tell you is that inverting makes it far easier to siphon profits out of the U.S. into lower-tax (or sometimes non-tax) places. So that even though inverters/deserters will pay U.S. tax, they will pay far less than if they didn’t invert. The details are too complicated to get into today.
There are plenty of arguments from Wall Street and the rest of the pro-inversion lobby, about corporate taxes really being paid by customers and workers, not shareholders (yeah, right!); Judge Learned Hand’s famous opinion about not having to pay more taxes than you owe (remember Plessy v. Ferguson?); and such. I hope to discuss these—and demolish them—in Fortune later this year.
Until then, I’d like to leave you one thing to ponder: if you’re an individual with a net worth of $2 million or more, you have to pay an exit fee if you decide to give up your U.S. citizenship and move to a lower-tax locale. If you’re a multi-billion-dollar corporation you can avoid exit fees (although your long-time shareholders are likely to get whacked), if you bail on the U.S. Maybe that feels okay to you—it sure doesn’t feel okay to me.
And on that note: happy rest of the summer. I’m heading back to the beach. See you in September.
More about tax inversions