Laid out in early 1963 by the Shah of Iran, this series of reforms included education, land, and women’s rights. The Iranian Revolution in 1979 removed the Shah from power and installed the current regime, led by Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.
In a span of four days in February 1986 this coup, also known as the People Power Revolution, brought down the 21-year old dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos. The use of yellow ribbons throughout the demonstrations led to it being called the Yellow Revolution.
In response to a peaceful student demonstration being suppressed by riot police, protesters took to the street for almost a month in Czechoslovakia November 1989. Named the Velvet Revolution due to its relative peaceful and bloodless nature.
This revolution started in 2002 and culminated in May 2005 when more than a 1,000 demonstrators gathered outside the Kuwaiti parliament to demand women’s suffrage. The demonstrators wore pale blue to demonstrate the long struggle for suffrage. The color of the signs of the protesters led to the naming of the revolution.
Beginning November 22, 2004, millions of Ukrainians, clad in orange, held nationwide nonviolent protests over perceived election fraud in the presidential election.
The name for the official end of Saddam Hussein’s reign in Iraq. Purple refers to the color of the ink used to stain the forefingers of people who voted in the 2005 elections.
Named after the color of the robes of Buddhist monks in Myanmar (Burma), in September 2007 hundreds of thousands of monks, students, and political activists protested the country’s military junta and demanded democratic reform. The uprising began in response to the government ending fuel subsidies without warning, causing massive spikes in prices in food and transportation.
Demonstrators took to the streets in the summer of 2009 to protest the Iranian government. The activists pioneered the use of dating websites and social media platforms like Twitter and Facebook when communicating with other protestors and the media. The protestors, who accused the government of voting fraud, wore green ribbons in support of defeated presidential candidate Hossein Mousay.
The rebellion that launched the Arab Spring is named after Tunisia’s yellow state flower. Protests broke out in Tunisia in late 2010, sparked by a street vendor setting himself on fire. The discontent spread to other nations in North Africa and the Middle East, leading to uprisings in Egypt and Libya, and an ongoing civil war in Syria.